Hiv articles dating 2016 2016
A variety of psychosocial and demographic variables were examined in the current study.We specifically focused on psychosocial variables related to stigma, discrimination, and social support.
The sample showed a similar level of flourishing to those in general population samples.Thus, studies are also needed on flourishing specifically.The current lack of research on flourishing among HIV-positive gay men may mean that many HIV support workers, health professionals, and policymakers do not have an evidence base for devising ways of promoting mental health beyond illness prevention.However, researchers have so far focused mostly on mental illness; only a small number of studies have examined aspects of positive mental health, such as a sense of meaning, optimism, and regular experiences of positive affect.It is now well-established that a singular focus on preventing or treating mental illness does not automatically mean that an individual thrives or flourishes .To help build this evidence base, we examined flourishing in a national community-based sample of HIV-positive Australian gay men, with the specific aim of identifying a range of psychosocial and demographic factors associated with flourishing using a standard measure of flourishing. Sexual identity was assessed by asking men whether they identified as ‘straight or heterosexual’, ‘gay or homosexual’, ‘bisexual’, or ‘other’.
Only the responses from the 357 gay-identified men were sampled for this study. The FS consists of eight items assessing the main components of flourishing or social-psychological functions.
Although much is known about factors associated with depression and anxiety among HIV-positive gay men, little is known about factors associated with positive mental health.
Such knowledge can be useful for optimizing well-being support programs for HIV-positive gay men.
A focus on stigma and discrimination was included because previous studies have shown that stigma, whether related to HIV or sexuality, can have a powerful impact on the lives of HIV-positive gay men .
A focus on social support was included because the provision of support is often a major focus of HIV organizations, governments, and health agencies.
The second is a eudemonic component in which a person has a sense of self-acceptance, a sense of meaning or purpose, and feels that much of their life is lived in accordance with their values .